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How To Control Cuban CockroachesCuban Cockroach control

You may recognize cockroaches to be an icky dark brown or black, but there is actually a type of roach that is a bright colored green. Known as the Cuban Cockroach, this roach is becoming a rising problem in the Southeastern United States. While it is a pest, it is actually easier to control compared to other cockroaches because of the fact that they don’t breed indoors.

The Cuban cockroach, as their name clearly refers, is originally from Cuba but has been steadily traveling North and has made its way to the United States where it has been seen between the states of Texas and Florida. Cuban cockroaches are also known as the Banana cockroach because of the belief that these insects made its way on U.S. soil by being accidentally shipped with containers of ripening green bananas which they blended in with.

Adult Cuban cockroaches are between ¾ of an inch to an inch long and are light colored green with male roaches being more slender and having a yellowish underside while females are darker colored and have wider bodies. Nymph Cuban roaches look very different from adults, usually being colored brown or black.

Cuban cockroaches have wings and like to fly a lot more than other cockroach species. Also unlike other species of cockroach, the Cuban cockroach is attracted to light and can be easily spotted flying next to light fixtures and lamps. Luckily for homeowners, Cuban cockroaches prefer to live outdoors and do not breed indoors but they may wander in by the allure of food, particularly sweets. They are more likely to infest gardens than homes and feast on fruits and leaves.

If you have Cuban cockroaches in or around your home, Solutions Pest and Lawn can help eliminate that problem for you by offering high-quality cockroach control products.

Browse our Cuban cockroach control products below and if you have any questions or concerns or would like more detailed helpful advice from our experts you can give us a call, email us or chat with us live online on our website.

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How To Get Rid of Cuban Cockroaches: 3 Step Solution

The good news with Cuban cockroaches is that compared to other common cockroach species, they are relatively easy to control. They do not breed heavily inside homes, preferring to be outdoors but may venture on indoors since they have been gradually adjusting to enjoying human foods. As with any other roach problem, the way to achieve effective control is via sanitation, exclusion and chemical treatments. We’ve outlined an easy to follow step guide below:


Step one:
Cuban roaches like to come into the home from outdoors so before engaging in any chemical treatment, you will need to conduct exclusions measures to your house to make it difficult for cockroaches (or any other insects for that matter) to enter the home. By practicing good maintenance and cleanliness around the home and sealing off as many possibly points of entries into you home that you can with screens, caulk and mesh, you will be able to prevent Cuban roaches as well as other bugs from easily gaining access to your home. Since Cuban cockroaches also are attracted to light, changing your outdoor lighting to yellow "bug" lights can help reduce the number of cockroaches attracted to a home, as can simply keeping lights turned off.  Outdoors, make sure to keep your yard clean and remove clutter and debris. Remove or drain any areas with standing water. Stack firewood far away from home and perform any other indoor and outdoor sanitation measures to make your home less appealing to roaches.


Step Two:
Once the proper exclusion measures have been applied both outside and inside you can then move on to treating your roach infestation in and around your home with insecticide. We suggest using a combination of baits, sprays and dusts so if roaches are resistant to one method, they may be more responsive to a different method. Baits work best indoors because of it’s delayed reaction and maximum impact of wiping out entire infestations. You can even use a broad-based insecticide to spray an exterior barrier around your home which will discourage roaches from sneaking in. We recommend Reclaim IT to apply around windows and doors and as a perimeter treatment. For baits we recommend Ficam insect bait. Apex cockroach bait gel works best indoors. Rework sentence on sharing the bait amongst one another. Remove part about sweet baits. Use Fipro as a broad-based spray to apply in cracks and crevices and D-fense dust underneath and behind appliances.


Step Three:
Regularly inspect your home for roach activity and maintain a regular cleaning routine, daily, weekly and monthly to make sure the place is properly sanitized and unwelcoming to roaches.  For Cuban cockroaches that like to hang around your garden, spread a granule bait around your yard for cockroaches to consume for further outdoor control.

Learn More About the Cuban Cockroach

The Cuban cockroach (also known as the “banana” cockroach) is believed to have been nicknamed after the banana crate in which it arrived in America. Surprisingly, there are quite a few people who choose to keep these harmless creatures as pets due to their vibrant green color and exoticness.  The Cuban Cockroach, as the name suggests, is native to Cuba and the Caribbean. These tiny roach have been known to travel to similar tropical climates as found in north and south America. They have a preference for fruit and warm habitats and have been imported and bred or sold as pets.

Cuban cockroaches are primarily an outdoor species, which means they do not typically like to venture into an indoor human dwelling, but gardeners with a keen eye may spot an influx in numbers during the summer when these creatures come into season. Unlike many other insects, the female Cuban cockroaches are larger in size and may grow up to two inches; their male counterparts are about a quarter of an inch shorter. They have wings and are known to be very capable at flying and  enjoy grassy areas with trees and flowers. Their offspring may be found under shrubberies or plants or in greenhouses.

Cuban cockroaches belong to the animalia kingdom under the arthropoda phylum and are classed as insecta. They are significant to the panchora genus and have their own distinct species, the P. nivea, which is categorized under the baberidea family.

Cuban cockroaches are native to Cuba and other tropical countries and were first introduced to America in the 1900’s via traveling on imported cargo which is believed to be in crates of bananas. They are not known to live in any geographical areas beyond these boundaries and are local to Florida, Louisiana and Texas.

Cuban Cockroach Identification

The Cuban cockroach is easy to identify by its colors; the bright green color is an exclusive characteristic of this species, and while they may look like most other cockroaches in general, it is this defining trait which makes them stand out. Adults are a pale, grassy green with wings and a set of antenna. Some people may misidentify these creatures as grasshoppers in spite of their smaller, shorter legs. Their wings are an even paler and translucent green.

Cuban Cockroach Habitat

Cuban cockroaches have a very picky diet which is reflective of their tropical native country of origin. They enjoy rich sugary foods and mostly feed on fruit for nutrients and water. Despite their desire for warm, tropical climates, they are most commonly found in areas of shade such as under trees or bushes. They are an outdoor species and are attracted to bright lights much like other types of cockroadhes.

Cuban Cockroach Life Cycle

The life cycle of a Cuban cockroach is very similar to other cockroach types in that a male and female mate and produce eggs, which develop into fully mature Cuban cockroaches. A female attracts males by excreting a pheromone that attracts male Cuban cockroaches only. They are not an aggressive cockroach, and as such, male Cuban cockroaches are continually seeking out places to dwell when confronted by other insects or even other pairs of the same species.

Female Cuban cockroaches will carry their nymphs inside them before giving birth to an ootheca, or sac, which contains her multiple eggs. She will nurture her young for a few weeks before they are able to fend for hemselves, a trait which exists in only a few roach species. Females may only produce up to 30 ootheca during her lifetime, or 1000 eggs, which is considerably lower than many other roaches who can lay upwards of 300,000 eggs per year.


Once the eggs have hatched, they come out as larvae. This is a developmental stage which consists  of multiple instars and is particularly essential to this species. The instar stages allow for feeding and then shedding to help accelerate growth, and it requires strict climate conditions. Larvae also feed on fruit and do not eat other plants or insects like other species of cockroach nymphs. The mother may leave at any point during this time if she flees her young will be self sufficient enough to survive on their own.

 

The final phase is adulthood where the cockroach reaches maturity. This is further signified by the growth and use of their wings, which make them skilled fliers. Females tend to be a quarter of an inch larger than males, and each will mate during the warmest months in spring time. They are closely related to termites, and unlike other roaches, are a sociable species who care and nurture for their young before becoming independent from their family once again.

Pest Status of Cuban Cockroaches

Due to their exotic appearance, there are many who choose to keep Cuban cockroaches as pets. They are a non-invasive pet that can be kept in its own right, or similarly, they may also be kept by people or pet shops to feed other creatures, as they are considered to be a great live food source and are packed with protein. They have a unique appearance and diet which makes them exotic within the cockroach genus and are a firm favorite amongst roach collectors.

Cuban cockroaches are harmless in their presence and may only damage fresh fruit which has been left out, or has fallen from trees. They are not known to carry any disease and are unlikely to bite. Not capable of stinging, these creatures cause no significant concern for humans or pets. For most who want to get rid of them, they are a nuisance that they don't want around.

Cuban Cockroach Control

Cuban cockroaches can be a particularly troublesome problem, especially in the summer time where there are more of them around. Some preventative measures to keep Cuban cockroaches away include placing screens over windows and doorways and ensuring crawlspaces are adequately covered to prevent flying cuban roaches from finding their way inside by accident. Greenhouses should be monitored regularly for existence of reproduction.


It should also be noted that Cuban cockroaches hardly ever breed indoors, so if you have found signs of reproduction, ensure correct identification of the pest so that the correct treatment is applied.


There are a number of different methods to choose from for controlling Cuban cockroaches ranging from baits to liquid insecticides to be used as a barrier around a structure to discourage Cuban cockroaches from venturing on indoors.


Please ensure correct application as per the manufactures instructions when using baits or chemicals in your home.

 

Additional Resources:

Cuban Cockroach - Insect Identification

 

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