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How to Get Rid of Leaf Hoppers

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About leaf hoppers

Leaf hoppers come in various types and colors. It is plant sap sucking insect that secretes some kind of toxin into the plant that helps the leafhopper in extracting the sap. It can be found in all kind of plants and it transmits disease into the plants and the egg host is also laid into the plant. It eventually damages the plant and other trees that lead to decay of the landscape and mold to develop on all things green. Widespread infestation in farms and cropland such insects can cause ecological and economical issues.

Some of the common many leaf hoppers are beet leaf hopper, grape leaf hopper, potato leafhopper, rose leafhopper and six-spotted leaf hopper, etc.

Damage caused by leafhoppers

The leafhoppers affect many plants and vegetation like, eggplants, pumpkin, cucumber, tomato, carrot, grapes, onion and roses etc. After being hosted by leafhoppers the leaves in such vegetation are left with a hole from where the sap has been sucked. It leaves behind a sticky substance that creates molds on the leaves and prevents the plants from absorbing nutrients and stunts the growth of the plant. The leaves start to change color t due to lack of chlorophyll and eventually the leaves will fall off and plants dies eventually. On such damage occurs on wide scale in agricultural lands and forests the overpopulation and infestation of the leafhopper causes economic and ecological problems. There will be no fruits and vegetables to sell and no greenery will affect the entire ecosystem.

6 Ways to eliminate leafhoppers

  1. Washing them out with water

If you see nymphs of the leafhoppers that usually are sighted during spring and summer season. Open the valve of the hose and spray the water with pressure on the nymphs. The pressure of the water will make them fall off the leaves. Make sure to pick them off and throw them in solution of insecticidal soap.

  1. Leaving traps for the leafhoppers

Hang glue traps on the plants or place tapes on both sides of the leaves. Shake the plant or trees to make the leafhoppers fly. When they try to fly the leafhopper gets stuck on the trap.  Once the leafhopper is stuck it can be eliminated using insecticides or insecticidal soap. The insecticidal soap has active ingredients that dehydrate the leafhopper and nymphs and kills them. One glue trap we recommend is InVite Multi-Insect Lure.

  1. Covering the plants

Use row covers over the plants and protect it from the leafhoppers attacking your plants or laying eggs on them. If the leafhoppers are not sucking the sap or laying eggs you will manage to prevent leafhopper infestation and decaying of plants. Use it like a green house and water the plants through the net.

  1. Creating a diversion

Use mulch and place it next to the plant while planting the tree. This will divert the leafhopper from coming near the plants. It will appear as an old plant. Eradicate all dead plants from the garden. It will give leafhoppers less place to hide.

  1. Cleaning the lawn

Collect all the mulches, debris, decayed plants and compost etc. and clean up the garden. The leafhoppers are attracted to such a place as it will have more places to hide. Rake the leaves. Trim the grass and make sure the garden is less cluttered.

  1. Applying insecticides

SYSTEMIC INSECTICIDES: Chemicals like Acephate (Orthene PCO Pellets), Imidacloprid, Disulfoton, all these are more effective on adult leafhoppers.

Stryker Pyrethrum Insecticide: Mix this product into a sprayer and spray directly on the plants. Ti It is less damaging for the vegetable garden and quite effective in getting rid of the hopper.

NEONICONITONOIDS:  Apply chemical on the seed before plantation. The seeds kill insects in the soil and prevent the leafhopper from attacking the plants while it is growing.

CONTACT INSECTICIDE:  Pyrid Aerosol is sprayed on contact over the leafhopper. It destroys the nervous system.

Other chemicals are Pyrethrin, Endosulfan, Malathion and Bifenthrin (Reclaim IT). These  these can be applied on the nymphs to prevent the lifecycle from being completed. It will help in eradicating the leafhoppers by terminating the eggs and the nymphs of the insect.

Depending on the chemical like, for using Acephate, mix 3 tablespoons of the chemical with one gallon of water. Put the solution in a systemic spray it all over the leaves. This will help in eliminating the leafhoppers.

It is helpful to use these chemicals on the plants and bushes when the leafhopper is in the nymph stage. The adult leafhopper’s movement is quite limber; therefore it is better to eradicate them in the early stage of its lifecycle.

Carbaryl, malathion and diazinon are few other powerful chemical agents to eradicate the leaf hopper.

Hop off the leaves

Keep the lawn clean and be on the lookout as soon as the spring season starts to eliminate the problems right from its roots. Row covers and traps will go a long way and applying chemicals are the only way to eradicate the problem. It will make sure to keep the leafhoppers away from the leaves.

 

 

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