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How To Control Brown Recluse Spiders

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While the black widow is regarded as the most dangerous of spiders, not far behind is the brown recluse spider. While both are regarded as highly venomous and even deadly when it comes to their bites, black widows are more aggressive while brown recluse spiders are--as their name states--more reclusive and would much rather be left alone. However, this deadly spider hiding in your home will make it quite hard to leave alone and thus control and removal is necessary.

Brown recluse spiders have spread out across the southern to midwest United States and is starting to expand northward. They range between a dull yellow to tawny, darkish brown and are distinguished by a fiddle-like marking on their back. They are also have a unique eye pattern with 6 to 8 eyes arranged in a semicircle. They are quite small with adults measuring approximately ¼ - ½ inch long.

Brown recluse spiders are nocturnal and like to live alone and build webs in dark secluded corners. These spiders are poisonous and bite when they feel threatened or disturbed. Bites may be painful and leave a bit of irritation but in rare cases, a blister can develop into an open ulcer and can bring about symptoms like restlessness, fever and trouble sleeping.

If you have brown recluse spiders present in your home, action must be taken quickly to protect you and your family from harmful bites. At Solutions Pest and Lawn we can give you the right control tools you need to rid this pest from your home swiftly and safely.

Browse our Brown Recluse Spider control products below. For more information or questions regarding your order as well as helpful DIY pest control advice, give us a call, chat with us online or email us. We are always standing by and are happy to help.

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How to Get Rid of Brown Recluse Spiders: 4 Step Solution

The brown recluse spider may be a bit tricky to control in the home because of its reclusive nature. The insect likes to hide in dark secluded areas of the home, areas you may not pay much mind to. It’s when it starts hiding in clothing or under furniture that it can be particularly concerning because you are vulnerable to be bitten out of nowhere. It’s understanding the brown recluse spiders nature that will help you in ridding this pest from your home. Below we have shared with you 4 simple steps which, if followed closely, will almost certainly guarantee success.

Step 1: Start by creating unfavorable conditions for the brown recluse spider. This can be done by reducing clutter and cleaning up indoors, thus eliminating places for the brown recluse to hide. Clean out your closets, attics, basements, garages, and storage units as if it spring cleaning season.

Step 2: Next we recommend moving on to exclusion, cutting off access into your home. This can be done by sealing cracks on the outside of the home and use screens on doors and windows. Scan carefully around your home for possible entry and use caulk to fill those gaps. Do this both inside and outside, taking away any places that brown recluse spiders can enter or hide. Continue exclusion measures by making your outdoor area uninviting by clearing away any vegetation or debris on your yard.

Step 3: Now it’s time to move onto pesticide treatments. Indoors, we recommend treating all your baseboards, around windows and doorways and any other crack or crevices where you think brown recluse spiders might be entering or hiding with an insecticide aerosol spray with a good residual. Our top suggestion is Pyrid Aerosol This product is odorless and goes on “dry” making it a great choice for use inside living areas. Another option is using glue boards indoors to try and capture the brown recluse when he’s hard to find.

Step 4: Outdoors, we suggest using a combination of insecticide granules and spray concentrate. Using a granule spreader, scatter granules around on your lawn, flower beds and mulch areas and then activate the granules by spraying one of our broad spectrum pesticides such as Reclaim IT using a handpump sprayer. This concentrate should also be used to make a barrier around your home. To keep spiders away.


Learn More About The Brown Recluse Spider

The brown recluse spider live in virtually every area of the world, leaving only the north and south pole as the only places uninhabitable by the extreme cold there. The brown recle (scientific name: Loxsoceles Laeta) is also known by the name "Violin spider" (due to the violin-shaped pattern on its head). This spider has the habit of living usually in completely dry places, but they can be found in slightly damp environments. Whatever the environment, the brown recluse needs darkness because it likes to go out to hunt at night.


In homes, the brown recluse spider is usually found in areas where there is no human activity and therefore, dust accumulates. The brown recluse is not an aggressive spider, however it avoids any confrontation and runs away. The brown recluse is always in search of cracks and crevices to hide and protect themselves. Bites often occure when people try to kill them by hand or when accidently being in the middle of the night to put on some clothes and the spider is hiding in the clotheing and is pressed against the body. Unfortunately, if some bites occur, the consequences can be fatal.


Appearance of the Brown Recluse

The brown recluse spider is distinguishable by the violin shape on its head (cephalothorax). The black lines go from its eyes to its abdomen. The male brown recluse is a broader head then its abdomen and legs are thinner than the female brown recluse. Both male and female have three pairs of eyes (6 total) the violin shape in the back but the male has longer mouth parts. The adult can grow up to 5 cm or more.


Habitat of The Brown Recluse

This spider likes to live in dry or slightly wet zones with dust and dirt. Some examples of where they have been found hiding are in tree trunks, hollow hills, behind furniture, boxes, tanks. They don't weave webs like other spiders but only upholster its burrows with silk lining in a rather disorderly manner.


Lifespan of Brown Recluse Spiders

Their average lifespan is 4 years in the female and 1 or 2 years for the male.When their skin changes, they stop eating and become more sedentary and dark colored. After looking for a quiety place to shed it's old skin, the process can take up to 4 hours during which the brown recluse is very vulnerable. The drying process of the new skin can take up to two days until it takes on its natural color.


During the molting process the spider breaks the top of its cephalothorax (head), giving rise to its new body beneath. Its external skeleton pumps fluids which allow for movement. Since the brown recluse doesn't have muscles like us, it's system is hydraulic. To exit from the old skin, it pumps it's juices from the abdomen to it's legs. The brown recluse takes rest periods between attempts since it is a task that requires much effort and consumes a lot of its energy reserves.


Th Bite of a Brown Recluse Spider

One of the reasons the brown recluse spider is so feared is because of the gruesome effects of its venomous bite – children, people with compromised health, and the elderly are more susceptible to the toxic venom.   While 49% of people who have been bitten will have little to no reaction at all to the bite, 37% of people who have been bitten can expect to have a necrotic area form –the rotting away of the exterior surface of the skin that may leave a scar. 

About 14% of people who have been bitten will experience symptoms of nausea, vomiting, fever, rashes, and muscle and joint pain. Less than 1% of people who have been bitten have died and these have sadly mostly been children under the age of 7 and people with weak immune systems.

Most recluse spider bites are initially painless and signs and symptoms often do not show up for 24 hours after the bite. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, muscle aches and joint pain. Brown recluse spider bites can be serious because the venom is hemotoxic, which is a toxin that destroys red blood cells. As a result, the toxic venom can be carried throughout the body and become a systemic issue. It’s important to seek medical attention if a brown recluse spider bite is suspected.


Additional Resources:

UCR Spiders Site: Brown Recluse ID


Control of Brown Recluse Spiders - Insects in the City





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