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How to Control Bermudagrass on Your LawnImage result for bermudagrass

If you’re looking to maintain a healthy lawn, one grass that you wouldn’t want growing in your yard is the invasive and persistent bermuda grass. Not only is this grass unsightly in general, for people who suffer from allergies, bermudagrass may cause allergy symptoms to flare up and that’s not something you should tolerate when you step outside your home.

Bermudagrass is an aggressive invader and because of its tendency to be stubborn, it could quite a challenge to control this weed. Even after it’s dead there’s a good chance they may return to haunt lawns once again. While complete control and elimination of bermudagrass can be tricky since bermudagrass doesn’t give up without a fight, there are ways to overcome the plant and take back your lawn and we’ll share them with you here.

If you want to be successful in your quest to get rid of bermundagrass, before arming yourself with sprays and tools, you first need to arm yourself with knowledge about the weed so you can know what conditions this type of grass thrives in as well as what conditions give it a disadvantage and then based on the information, approach with an effective control strategy. This is where we can best help.

Here at Solutions Pest and Lawn, we’re dedicated to serving you with not only supplying the best professional-grade products in the lawn and pest control industry, but also we want to empower you with the confidence to tackle any issues you have on your yard or home yourself, without hiring a professional.

Our motto is, “Ask us, then do it yourself”. Aside from our customer service line where you can talk live to an expert, you can also email us your specific questions and concerns at askapro@solutionsstores.com and we’ll be happy to help guide you in the right direction.

View our selection of products we recommend for getting rid of bermuda and then scroll further to learn how to eliminate bermudagrass in depth using our solutions 4 step process.

How To Get Rid of Bermuda grass: Solutions 4 Step Process

Step 1: Identification. When bermuda grass begins start to green up in the spring, it can be great for those that actually want this turfgrass on your lawn but it's not so great for landscapes that have other grass types or sidewalks and pavement.  There are times when novice lawnowners incorrectly diagnose or identify bermudagrass with another grass which can be a problem. Identifying the unwanted plant that is growing on your lawn is vital because once you can correctly ID the weed, you can then research and find out what active ingredients, herbicides and cultural methods work best to tackle that weed and which products are specifically designed to target it. Improperly ID'ing a plant may result in waste of time and effort purchasing herbicides which won't work against it.

Bermudagrass can be identified and differentiated between other grasses by looking out for the following characteristics. It is a warm-season grass with a fine to medium leaf texture. It is colored dark green and is a dense and lowing growing type of turf which spreads through rhizomes and stolons with some varieties tolerating very low maintenance while other types produce lawns that are well pleasing to the eye when given extra care.


Leaf sheaths are compressed to round, loose, split, smooth, sparsely hairy, up to 15 cm long, and with a tuft of hairs 2 to 5 mm long. Bermudagrass do not have auricles. Collar is continuous, narrow, glabrous and hairy on margins. Leaf blades are 2 to 16 cm long, 1.5 to 5 mm wide, smooth to sparsely pubescent, folded or loosely rolled in the bud and sharply-pointed. The inflorescence consists of 3 to 7 spikes in a single whorl in a fingerlike arrangement and 3 to 10 cm long. Bermudagrass is a turf grass which has an extensive and deep root system. Bermudagrass is commonly used in athletic fields and other high maintenance application where tolerance of short mowing heights is required.


When you’re unsure or can’t quite determine exactly which kind of weed you are encountering in your yard, turn to the experts to ID the weed for you. We recommend taking a high resolution photo of the unwanted weed with your phone and shoot it over to our email address at Identification@solutionsstores.com. We will respond back to you quickly with not only the correct ID of the plant, we will also give you expert recommendations of products and techniques to apply to remove that weed from your lawn.


Step 2: Inspection. Conduct a thorough inspection of your lawn or landscape to see where the bermudagrass is growing. Bermudagrass is a tricky weed because it can grow both above the ground and below the ground. For instance it can grow above pavements and can reach out through stolens when can root down and form a new plant in another area. They can also develop underground stems called rhizomes. The roots will develop underground and spread. 


Another thing about bermudagrass is that it loves heat and can tolerate drought. Once you have determined how severe of a problem you have (minor or taking over the entire lawn)you will then know where to focus your chemical herbicide applications.


Step 3: Control. Chemical control may be the best way to deal with this stubborn grassy weed  due to its persistence. A couple of herbicides we suggest Glyphosate 4 Plus Weed Killer Concentrate or Triclopyr 4 Brush Killer (Garlon 4). There are some pre emergents you can also use which can keep bermudagrass from springing up on your lawn and becoming an eyesore.

Read all labels and instructions carefully with whatever herbicide you choose to use. If you have desired grass around where the annual ryegrass is growing, you can choose to spot treat. Either way, be careful when using herbicides in general around your desired plants as they could potentially kill your wanted turf. Also, please be sure that when handling ay type of herbicide, you are properly protecting your skin and eyes with safety equipment. Goggles, gloves and love sleeved clothing should suffice.

For best results, make sure to apply herbicides at the right time. Bermudagrass should be treated with herbicides when it is actively growing between the months of May of September. Apply post-emergents in the springtime when the growth is less than 6 inches in length or apply pre-emergents in the fall or early spring to keep their seeds under control. Repeated applications may be necessary so apply every 4 weeks during the growing season.

Step 4: Prevention. You can prevent the return of bermuda after it has been controlled with cultural practices that will hinder the redevelopment of this invasive grassy weed. The best preventative measure against bermuda grass is to maintain healthy, thick turf. Mow your turfgrass at the right height (3 to 3 ½ inches tall), water your grass to 6 inches two times a week and fertilize at the appropriate time and rate for your sod species.

Mulching flower and plant beds will help less the risk of another bermudagrass takeover. Use edging in beds installed 6 inches into soil to prevent the grass from spreading into and competing with your shrubs and flowers.


Not the Weed Problem You Have? Check Out Our Other Weeds On Our Grassy Weed Control Page.

Learn More About Bermudagrass

Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) is a perennial plant sometimes confused with crabgrass, but unlike crabgrass bermuda grass does not die at the end of the growing season. Native to harsh climates of Africa, bermudagrass can tolerate the most unsavory of conditions, from heat, to drought and heavy foot traffic. It is usually because of it’s durability that some lawn owners use bermudagrass as their primary turfgrass.

The blades are a grey-green color and are short with rough edges.The erect stems can grow 1–30 cm (0.39–11.81 in) tall. The stems are slightly flattened, often tinged purple in colour. Bermudagrass also has a deep root system; in drought situations with penetrable soil, the root system can grow to over 6 feet deep The grass creeps along the ground and roots wherever a node touches the ground, forming a dense mat.

Bermudagrass spreads through seeds, runners, and rhizomes. Growth begins at temperatures above 15 °C (59 °F) with optimum growth between 24 and 37 °C (75 and 99 °F); in winter, the grass becomes dormant and turns brown. Growth is promoted by full sun and retarded by full shade, e.g., close to tree trunks.

Turf uses of common bermudagrass include sports fields, lawns, parks, playgrounds, golf course fairways, roadsides, cemeteries, and other general purpose turf. Hybrid bermudagrass and selections of common bermudagrass are used for special purposes such as sports fields, golf greens, bowling greens, tennis courts, and lawns.

Bermudagrass is well suited to high traffic areas such as sports fields, golf courses, and playgrounds. A dense bermudagrass turf tolerates moderate wear and compaction and recovers rapidly from wear injury. Under moderate fertilization, frequent mowing and adequate moisture bermudagrass forms a dense, fine-textured turf. The only situation where bermudagrass cannot be used is in moderate to heavily shaded sites.

Bermudagrass establishes from deep rhizomes and surface stolons, which need to be destroyed for complete control. A combination of cultural and herbicide methods is your best bet to eliminate Bermuda grass in lawns and garden beds effectively.


Make Sure You Have The Right Equipment For The Job. SHOP For Sprayers and Other Lawn Care Essentials


The Best Method To Effectively Eliminate Bermuda grass

One way of tackling this pesky weed is through pre-emergent. Our recommended pre-emergents would save you a lot of time weeding if your timing is right. Pre-emergents prevent seeds from germinating and maturing. The best time to apply these are in the springtime before as these plants start to grow and thrive in the summertime and lay dormant in the winter waiting to grow when conditions are ideal. If bermudagrass has already germinated on your lawn, these products will be ineffective. This is when using post-emergents is necessary.


Check out our article: The Ideal Times To Use Pre-Emergent on Your Lawn


When Bermudagrass has already been growing and spreading on your lawn, it’s time to get out the big guns. From our trials and experiences with treating bermudagrass we found what works best is any herbicide which contains glyphosate. However, since glyphosate is a non-selective “kill-all” herbicide, you would need to be extra careful not to apply the chemical on any of your desired plants and vegetation.

Timing will be very important when treating bermudagrass. Treat the weed when it is actively growing between the months of May and September. Apply in early spring when growth is less than 6 inches high and again before new growth reaches the same height.

Bermudagrass Control Tips and Recommendations

  • Bermudagrass is a very resilient weed so you may need repeated applications to get the job done. Don’t expect to spray once and lay in your hammock thinking you’ve done enough. Bermudagrass won’t give up that easy.

  • THE LABEL IS THE LAW! To use herbicides safely and successfully, read the manufacturer's label carefully and follow directions. Application rates vary based on the different types of herbicides.

  • When handling any pesticide be sure to wear the right protective equipment to cover your skin, eyes, nasal openings and mouth.

  • Want some more details on how-to conduct a proper herbicide treatment application and remove other problem weeds? Go browse our knowledge base or view our informative How-To Videos.

Better Safe Than Sorry: Equip Yourself With Protective Safety Equipment Before Spraying


Want to speak to a live expert regarding your bermudagrass problem and get recommendations customized to your specific situation? Contact us at askapro@solutionsstores.com or call our customer service line at (800) 479-6583.


Additional Resources On Bermudagrass

All You Need to Know About Bermudagrass - Pennington


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