Annual Ryegrass Control

Quick Information

Annual Ryegrass Control

Most Effective Products

Fahrenheit Herbicide
Water Dispersible Granule (WDG)
As low as $30.00
Eraser 41% Glyphosate
Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC)
As low as $19.49
Expel Turf Herbicide
Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC)
As low as $108.09
Keith's Pro Tips

"Controlling ryegrass is best done in the Springtime when the weather is warmer and when the weed is actively growing. It is important to not let the ryegrass go to seed or it may create additional weed management problems. If annual ryegrass is allowed to reach the flowering stage, control may become easier, but some viable seed may develop."

Annual Ryegrass Control: How to Get Rid of Annual Ryegrass

This page is a general DIY guide for controlling annual ryegrass. Using the products and methods suggested you get control of annual ryegrass. Follow this DIY article and use the recommended products, and we guarantee 100% control of annual ryegrass.

Annual ryegrass is a winter annual found throughout the United States and has a fibrous root system that can reach heights of up to 3 feet. Annual ryegrass has gained a reputation for being a favored turfgrass and is even used to overseed home lawns during cold winter months.

For farmers and ranchers, it is also frequently grown as a cover crop to provide food for grazing cattle. While it is valued in some cases for its adaptability, quick establishment, and aggressive growth, it can be a cause for concern since these very same traits are also considered to be characteristics of a weed.

Ryegrass grows in bunches rather than individual blades and is characterized by a yellow at the base which develops into dark green leaf blades. Although ryegrass typically only survives one year, if the grass produces seed before dying, the seed will sprout the following year.

Annual ryegrass is highly adaptable as it can grow in a variety of soil types except for excessively drained or very poorly drained soils. In order to survive, Annual Ryegrass requires medium to high soil fertility. It is best adapted to areas with long seasons of cool, moist weather. It can survive short periods of flooding if well established. Annual ryegrass is unable to tolerate hot, dry weather and these conditions speed up its maturity.

If your lawn is troubled by annual ryegrass, our step-by-step DIY treatment guide will show you exactly how to get rid of annual ryegrass quickly and affordably with the help of our professional-grade herbicides.

Identification

Before approaching treatment, you will need to first be certain that you are dealing with ryegrass and not some other weed. Misidentification of the weed can lead to using the wrong herbicides which can be a waste of time and money.

Annual ryegrass

  • Annual ryegrass is often confused with perennial ryegrass. While the grasses share many of the same characteristics, Annual Ryegrass lasts for one growing season while perennial can grow in multiple seasons like spring and fall. Annual ryegrass also has a lighter green coloration and coarser texture then perennial ryegrass. The biggest difference between them is that annual ryegrass has a reddish base.
  • This weed grows in clumps. The grass blades grow up to 8 inches in height and up to a quarter of an inch in width. The lower-facing surfaces are glossy, and the plant as a whole is hairless.
  • When mature, this plant grows stems up to 3 feet in height. On the stem, the inflorescence (or the flowering structure) makes up about one foot, with each spikelet having 3 to 9 flowers.

Use the description and image above to help you to identify whether your weed is annual ryegrass. When you are unsure or can't quite pinpoint exactly which kind of weed you are encountering in your yard, turn to the experts to ID the weed for you.

Inspection

After you have confirmed that you are dealing with annual ryegrass you can then proceed with inspection. During this phase, you will locate areas where annual ryegrass is thriving and observe the conditions that are allowing it to thrive. This information will help you in knowing where to focus your herbicide application.

Annual Ryegrass taking over a lawn

Where to Inspect

Annual ryegrass grows well in fairly wet soils with good surface drainage and terrain that range between 5.5 to 6.5 pH. These weeds cannot withstand hot, dry weather or severe winters. 

Common sites for this weed to grow in are lawns, grasslands, roadsides, and other disturbed sites. 

What to Look For

Annual ryegrass appears in the form of bunched up grass that is yellowish-green at the base, with long glossy green leaves with distinctive spikelets.

Treatment

Make sure to wear the proper personal protective equipment before applying any herbicides to your yard. 

We recommend using a post-emergent containing glyphosate, dicamba, 2,4-D, or metribuzin to kill annual ryegrass. 

Step 1: Mix Herbicide

Determine how much herbicide material to use by measuring the square footage of the treatment area. To do this, measure the length and width of the treatment area in feet then multiply them together (length X width = square footage). For acreage, take the square footage and divide it by one acre (square footage / 43,560 sq. ft. = acres).

If you’re situated in the southern United States with warm-season grasses, we recommend Fahrenheit Herbicide. This herbicide offers the selective control of weeds, including annual ryegrass in warm-season turf.

For spot applications in warm-seasoned turf, use 0.2 oz. of Fahrenheit Herbicide per 1 gallon of water per 1,000 sq. ft. For broader applications, use 3 oz. of product in 20-80 gallons of water per acre. 

Keep in mind that when making applications over St. Augustinegrass, Bermudagrass, or Zoysiagrass, temporary stunting or chlorosis may occur with Fahrenheit Herbicide.

If annual ryegrass is growing in cool-season turf or where plants shouldn't be, like on sidewalks or other paved areas, then consider a non-selective herbicide like Eraser 41% Glyphosate. This non-selective herbicide will kill any plant it is applied to.

Use 2 1/2 oz (5 Tbs) of Eraser 41% Glyphosate per 1 gallon of water to treat an area approximately 300 sq. ft. 

For either products being used you will need to use a handheld pump sprayer. 

If using Eraser 41% Glyphosate, be sure to label your sprayer explicitly for non-selective herbicides to prevent cross-contamination in the future.

To mix, fill your sprayer tank with half the amount of water. Then add the measured amount of herbicide and remaining half of water. Secure the lid and shake the tank until evenly mixed.  

Step 2: Apply Herbicide

Spraying Turf

Spot-treat any weed you have found during your inspection. Use a fan or cone spray pattern to ensure the leaves are fully coated, and spray the weed to the point of wet but not runoff.

When applied properly, affected weeds will yellow and begin to die. Conduct follow-up applications as necessary.

A reapplication with Fahrenheit Herbicide may be made after 4 to 6 weeks.

After applying Eraser 41% Glyphsate, you should see results within 2 to 4 days, but a second application may be made after 4 weeks.

Prevention

Once annual ryegrass has been eliminated from your property, you will need to implement some preventative measures which will ensure that this weed does not return.

Mow lawn to prevent weed reinfestation

  • Prevent annual ryegrass for returning to your lawn with an application of Expel Turf Herbicide. Expel Turf Herbicide is a selective herbicide that will control and prevent weeds like annual ryegrass from emerging in your cool-seasoned and warm-seasoned turf. For cool-seasoned grasses, apply 4 to 8 oz. of Expel Turf Herbicide per 10 gallons of water per acre. For warm-seasoned grasses, use 8 to 12 oz. of product per 10 gallons of water per acre. Spray the soil of areas where previous annual ryegrass emerged. After application, irrigate the treated area with 0.25 inches of water or rainfall for better pre-emergent control. Due to this product’s high-volume applications, high-capacity equipment like a spray rig may be necessary.
  • In addition to pre-emergent products, we also recommend you promote the health of your turf to reduce the conducive conditions that allow weeds and disease to take hold. Mow your grass at proper intervals to maintain a thick growing density, reduce the shade cast on your lawn by trimming overgrown shrubbery and tree branches, rake away leaf litter and pick up any debris, and employ a proper watering schedule to provide the local grass with enough water to strengthen its roots, but not so much that will encourage weeds. Many grasses require 1 inch of water every week. Apply the water all at once in the morning so it has time to seep into the ground without evaporating in the sun.

Key Takeaways

What is Annual Ryegrass?

  • Annual ryegrass is a winter annual grass that invades lawn by growing in bunches and can be difficult to control because of its resistance to herbicides.

How to Get Rid of Annual Ryegrass

  • We recommend applying either Fahrenheit Herbicide for warm-seasoned turf applications or Eraser 41% Glyphosate for cool-seasoned turf and other labeled areas where this weed should not be growing. 

Preventing Annual Ryegrass Reinfestations

  • To prevent annual ryegrass from returning, carry out a regular lawn maintenance routine (regular mowing, watering, fertilization) and make applications with Expel Turf Herbicide to ensure that your lawn is healthy and nutrient rich.
Questions and Answers
  1. Q:Is this safe for pets? How long do pets need to be kept off the lawn when this chemical is applied
    5/29/24
    A:Yes, these products are safe for pets when applied according to label directions. Keep all people and pets off the treated areas until completely dry.

    Colin Travis

    6/7/24
  1. Size:
    QUALI-PRO
    Fahrenheit Herbicide
    $30.00 - $30.00
  2. Size:
    SOLUTIONS
    Solutions Sprayer - 1 Gallon Poly
    $36.99 - $36.99
  3. Size:
    CSI
    Eraser 41% Glyphosate
    $19.49 - $48.71
  4. Size:
    CSI
    Expel Turf Herbicide
    $108.09 - $108.09
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