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How To Control Conehead Termitesconehead termite

A termite species that is quite new to the United States and is quickly gaining notoriety is what is known as the conehead termite. First introduced to the US in 2001 in Florida, the conehead termite was thought to be eradicated but gained a resurgence when colonies were discovered in Florida in 2012. The conehead termite has shown to be terribly destructive in its wood damaging habits and are a great concern wherever they have been established.

It is believed that the conehead termites (Nasutitermes corniger) are native to the Caribbean or Central America and may have hitchhiked their way into the states on wood crating or pallets of shipped cargo. They were originally coined the “tree termite” but their common name was changed to conehead not just because of its appearance but also because it was learned that they don’t just infest trees.

Conehead termites like to live in trees, underground or in any wooden structure. A conehead termite colony which has been established can stay hidden for several years underground but as the colony grows in number, visible nests can be seen above ground in trees, shrubs or on buildings.

Like most termites, Conehead termites main food of choice is anything containing cellulose. As such, the conehead termite regularly infests trees, shrubs, roots, and other wood products and elements to get their fix. Unlike the average subterranean termite, the conehead termites is particularly outstanding in how alarmingly fast they can reproduce and expand their colonies which often contain multiple kings and queens.

A conehead termite colony which goes undetected and untreated can result in significant damage to a home structure in a very short span of time. Conehead termites are very aggressive foraging pests and they have been noted to venture several hundred feet away from their colony to  expand their presence and establish other nests, which can get as large as the size of a watermelon in half a year.

If you suspect your property has a conehead termite invasion, you will need to act fast to control them and keep them from expanding. Solutions Pest & Lawn can help you with our professional grade termite control products which can be applied using our helpful step-by-step instructions.



A conehead termite invasion is no joke, it’s a serious problem and you must not waste any time in jumping into action to put an end to the infestation. If you’re lost on what you should do you can use our special Solutions Pest & Lawn 4 step process which includes identification, inspection, control and prevention. Effective conehead termite eradication involves identifying them properly, inspecting to find out where they live and are nesting, removing the nest and applying control treatment, then inputting preventative measures to discourage them from coming back. Follow the steps below for detailed instruction on what to do:


Step 1: IDENTIFICATION - Conehead termites can look quite different from other termite species and it starts with how they got their name, their cone shaped heads. Soldier conehead termites have a distinctive cone shaped head that resembles a teardrop. Their heads are usually dark colored which rests on their beige colored bodies. This can usually be hard to see however because conehead termites are as small as a grain of rice, slightly more than 1/8th of an inch long. Worker and soldier termites are roughly the same size but the reproductive alates grow quite large and are larger than most other termite species and they have inconspicuously shiny black wings that can grow to ½ an inch long.


If you are having trouble properly identifying the conehead termite or are not sure if it's a different termite, you can always reach out to us for help by taking a photo of the termite and emailing it to identification@solutionsstores.com. We will respond back to you with the proper identification and give you tips and product recommendations for control.


Step 2: INSPECTION - Conehead termites can be hard to spot because they are so tiny and because they may be hiding underground and seem invisible but there are things you can look out for when conducting an inspection to find out where they reside. The main things to check for are tunnels, conehead termite swarmers and conehead termite nests. Conehead termites construct large, dark brown colored nests which appear to have a bump looking surface. These nests can be on, in or by trees or structures, or on open ground and are sometimes hidden within vegetation. When nests are visible and obvious then you know you have a particularly sizable infestation to be concerned about.


Conehead termites move to and fro using brown colored tunnels. Look for these on the sides of trees, houses, fences or other surfaces. Conehead swarmers usually come out of their nests in the spring time to fly to a new location and start another colony, spreading the termite infestation. Look for these swarmers out in the open or any wings they leave behind.


Step 3: CONTROL - Because of their unique habits, conehead termites have proven difficult to control with the average termite treatment methods. The nest must first be located and destroyed, and it may be necessary to perform repeat treatments until the entire population is eradicated. Wherever you have noticed a visible nest, they will need to be physically taken down and destroyed immediately then treat the nest with a professional-quality termiticide, such as Taurus SC. You can apply this termiticide via trench method if the termites are underground or you can mix Taurus SC with water inside a poly hand sprayer and thoroughly apply the termiticide to trees, stumps, structures, foraging tunnels and any other place where conehead termite activity is found or suspected.


Another option for underground treatment is to use a Redeye Termite Monitoring Station and apply it into the soil in active termite areas. The RedEye indicator will show you if termites have gotten into the bait station and then you can inject FiPro Foaming Aerosol into the Red Eye to kill the termites.

Step 4: PREVENTION - A solid prevention program to reduce the risk of conehead termites coming back is a combination of environmental modifications, regular monitoring and barrier treatments. A great barrier treatment insecticide we recommend is Reclaim IT. Reclaim IT is a repellent and will keep desert termites from coming back. Along with this we also recommend continuing to use RedEye Termite Monitoring stations around your property to check routinely for possible termite returns. Aside from these tools, properly maintaining your yard to keep it free from leaf litter and mulch, reducing as much moisture from your home or yard as possible and moving stored wood away from your home or building can make it so termites will not come back.


Shop our conehead termite products on this page. For more information or if you have any questions, call us at 800-479-6583, email us at askapro@solutionsstores.org or live chat with us on our website.


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