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Spider DIY Pest Control

Bug Lady posted this on Oct 18, 2016

Spider Overview

spider on web

As frightening as some Spiders may appear, these eight legged and multi-eyed insects are not as big of a nuisance as some other pests and can actually be beneficial to your home garden in getting rid of roaches, flies and the like. The problem arises when spiders find their way into your home because some have the potential to bite humans while they sleep or if they get in your attic they can create annoying cobwebs which are definitely a sight for sore eyes.

 

With well over 35,000 species of spiders known to us, there is a really good chance that at some time we will all encounter a spider control issue. The good news is that there are only a small number of spiders which will bite or inject their venom into humans. But for the handful that do like the Black Widow and the Brown Recluse, if these types of Spiders have intruded upon your home, then this is a serious cause for concern as these spiders are terribly poisonous and their bites have the potential to be fatal to humans.

 

We at Solutions Stores understand that dealing with spiders can be a bit intimidating to handle alone, that is why we offer the highest quality solutions on the internet. The products that we carry are all professional-grade and are used by professional pest control companies and exterminators.. Our on-call experts have extensive knowledge in spider control and can give you all the help you need to eliminate the problem effectively and easily.

 

Spider Characteristics

 

Spiders are known as arachnids due to the fact that they have eight legs. Spiders are also known to have multiple pairs of eyes. Despite this fact, many spiders have poor vision though there are some spiders who have exceptional vision like the Jumping Spider. Spiders also have two body regions, a thorax and an abdomen.



spider anatomy diagram

 

While Spiders have fangs, they do not possess jaws or chewing mouthparts and typically use the digestive enzymes in their saliva to break down their prey for consumption.

 

Spiders also possess spinnerets on their back sides which shoots out silk that is elastic and durable. This silk is primarily used to spin webs where spiders live as well as to catch prey. However, not all Spiders live in their webs as some live in burrows and in crevices.

 

How To Guide

 

Identification

 

Out of the 35,000 different species in the world, there are about 4,000 species in North America which have different characteristics. When it comes to being an actual threat to humans, only 2 or 3 spiders are medically deemed to be lethal.

 

Some of the common spiders that are dealt with households are hunting spiders and web building spiders. Hunting spiders are generally not a threat to humans because they prefer to be outdoors. If they make it indoors is usually via wandering into the home by accident during their hunt. Web-building spiders can survive either indoors or outdoors. We will touch on each of them individually below.

 

If after looking at this breakdown of different types of spiders you are still unsure of what spider you are dealing with, you can always take a photo of it and shoot it over to us at askapro@solutionsstores.com and we will determine the creepy crawler for you.:

 

Hunting Spiders

 

Wolf spiders are moderate to large-sized spiders ranging between ¼- to 1-inch long with dark brown and slightly hairy bodies. Wolf spiders live in a wide variety of habitats, such as woodlands, grassy meadows, beaches, landscapes, gardens, and fields. Some even have habitats underground. These hunters commonly hunt either during the day or during warm nights. Because of their large size and quick movements, they are alarming to homeowners. Fortunately, they aren’t an aggressive insect and some humans actually have them as pets.

 

Sac spiders are small to medium-sized hunting spiders (1/5- to 2/5-inch long) and are yellowish or cream colored. Sac spiders are night hunters and feed mainly on smaller insects. In the daytime they hide in either a silk woven tube or sac, which is where their name comes from. Indoors, sac spiders are commonly found in a variety of places, including high up on walls near ceilings.

 

Fishing spiders get their name because they are usually found near ponds, swamps, or slow-moving streams and the way they capture prey. However there are some fishing spiders that have been found where there isn’t any water. At one inch long, fishing spiders are the biggest spiders in the Upper Midwest region and can cover about four inches of ground when their legs are spread out. They are  dark-colored, ranging between brownish or grayish, with white markings. Fishing spiders possess an ability to “skate” across water and can dive underwater to capture prey like tadpoles, small fish and insects.

 

Sowbug spiders  also known as the woodlouse hunter or the dysderidae spider, is a medium-sized spider is multi-colored: their cephalothorax is purplish-brown, the abdomen is grayish-white, and the legs are orange. Unlike the majority of spiders, the sowbug spider has only 6 eyes. They have large fangs which project forward.  Sowbug spiders wander at night to forage and are dwell in the ground usually under rocks and debris. The reason they are named sowbug spiders is because sowbugs are their preferred prey. However they don’t just eat sowbugs and can have a variety of different prey.

 

Jumping spiders are medium-sized spiders and derive their name because of their ability to leap like an NBA player. Jumping spiders can jump many times their own body length which can be startling to see.  They are active during the day and can be found on windows, ceilings, walls, and other areas exposed to sunlight. Jumping spiders are dark-colored with white markings though some can also be brightly colored. These spiders move quickly and erratically and can run sideways and backward. The two middle eyes of jumping spiders are particularly large and jumping spiders have the best vision of spiders, seeing objects up to eight inches away.

 

Parson spiders are medium sized and have a brownish body and gray abdomen with what looks like a white band running down their abdomen. Parson spiders are typically night hunters. During the day, they can be found residing under stones or loose bark in silken retreats. Indoors, they hide under objects or in cracks or crevices.

 

Crab spiders are small to medium-sized and their color ranges from yellow or red to brown or gray. The get their name because of how their legs are with the first four legs being longer than the back four and are held out to the sides resembling a crab. They can walk forward, sideways, or backward. Crab spiders have a passive method of hunting, preferring to wait patiently and ambush insects that come past. Outdoors, crab spiders are often found on flowers but are also seen on stems or leaves. These spiders are rarely found indoors.



Web-Building Spiders

 

Cobweb spiders are part of a large segment of spiders known as comb-footed spiders and are common both outdoors and indoors. Small to medium-sized, Cobweb spiders have a rounded, abdomen, small cephalothorax, and are colored brownish or grayish. There name is derived from the irregular, tangled webs that they weave. These cobwebs are built in undisturbed, quiet places such as attics and basements. A common type of comb-footed spider found indoors is the American house spider, also known as called the common house spider.

 

Cellar spiders are small spiders which can reach about a ¼ of an inch long and are pale gray to light tan in color with long delicate legs that may mistaken them as the daddy-longlegs spider. Cellar spiders dwell in dark secluded places such as crawlspaces, basements, and cellars which is where they get their name. Like the cobweb spiders, the cellar spiders build a loose, irregular web in corners near the ceiling or floor.

 

Orb weaver spiders is a common outdoor spider found in gardens and fields. They are rarely found indoors. The orb weaver spiders make the familiar spider web that are seen in drawings and animations. They range in size from small to large (between 1/8- to 1-inch long) and are found in a variety of colors. Orb spiders have large, swollen abdomens, including some that are oddly shaped. Despite their appearance, orb weavers are not a threat to humans.

Funnel weaver spiders build horizontal webs with a small retreat off to one side which resembles a funnel. Webs are commonly built on the ground, around steps, window wells, foundations, and low shrubs. Funnel weaver spiders are generally brownish or grayish with stripes near the head and a pattern on the abdomen.

The most important group of spiders that people worry about because of the threat potential to humans when they are indoors are the widow spiders, recluse spiders, hobo spider and the yellow sac spider.

The black widow spider is famously recognizable due to their distinctive jet black color with two reddish triangular markings. This spider can be found in every state in the United States. The females of this spider will guard the web and her egg sacs, and can bite when hungry or she feels the need to protect the eggs. Their name is derived from the fact that when mating with a male spider, the black widow usually kills and eats the male.

The brown recluse spider are found in North America, Central America, and the West Indies. This spider is of concern because of the serious bite. They can be found from the southern states all the way up to Nebraska, but has much higher significant populations in the southern states. These spiders love to hide in household goods, stored clothing and shoes. They are nocturnal and will search for food in other soft bodied insects such as silverfish, cockroaches, crickets. The males spider of this species is usually the one more prone to hide in shoes, pants, and clothing and this is when the bites occur when they get trapped close to the skin. Most of the brown recluse spiders have the signature dark brown violin markings on the top of the spiders.



Inspection

 

Finding spiders in the home may be difficult. Most people usually just stumble upon them since spiders are shy and prefer to be hidden. However you can determine signs of an infestation by checking around for cobwebs indoors. Spiders tend to weave them in undisturbed areas so you will have to do some poking around to see if you can find any webs.

 

Typical areas include ceiling areas, above and beneath fixtures, next to windows and corners of the room.Inside boxes or cabinets are another good place to find spiders or cobwebs. Again it can be a cumbersome job because spiders are such expert hiders.

 

Also check the attic and garage areas for webs and spiders. Move things around to see if you can find adult spiders and webs. Check under insulation in the attics, as this can be a perfect harborage area for spiders.




Control

 

Once you have uncovered where those pesky spiders are dwelling in your home it’s time to move on to using control products. Thankfully, no matter what type of spider problem you have, the treatment method is generally the same. Generally you to some tidying up and sanitation which eliminates any source of food that they have been using to stay indoors and then use some insecticide.

 

Solutions Stores carries a very large line of insecticides that are labeled for spider control. We have put together some of our top recommendations for spider control products, for inside and outside application here on our product page. What you’d like to use depends on your personal preference.

 

Spider Control Products

 

  • Contact/flushing insecticides can be used to flush the spiders out of their harborage area. This works really well when you need to see how bad the problem may or may not be.

 

  • There are also spot treatment aerosols for crack and crevices treatments, when you need to apply a direct spray to spider harborage areas, this may include corners of windows, closets and along the baseboards.

 

  • A residual dust can be applied to crawl spaces and attic areas. Applying dust under the insulation will be key when it comes to brown recluse spider control.

 

  • Perimeter treatments around a building's foundation is a beneficial application and should be part of your bi-annual pest control regiment.

 

  • Fumigation may also be an option for certain spiders and harborage areas, it is usually not the most perfect 100% solution, but some foggers will help to flush out and knockdown a population quickly.

 

  • We also recommend using a generous amount of glue boards to monitor and control spider populations, they are inexpensive and will catch a multitude of insects, not just spiders.

 

Step-By-Step Treatment

 

  1. With an insecticide (which we recommend using with a hand pump sprayer), spray around all baseboards, door and window frames, under appliances, in closets, storage rooms and attics.

  2. Place glue boards in cabinets, in the back of closets and in storage areas like your garage, basement and attic. These will help to see what kind of pests are wandering around in your home and catch them.

  3. Whenever you see spider webs in your home, knock them down and dispose of them. This will discourage spiders from remaking a web in those areas.

  4. Outdoors, spray the perimeter of your home with the insecticide

 

Prevention

 

Once you have followed the steps to eliminate spiders from your home, you will need to keep them out of your home with the right preventative measures. You can help stop a reinfestation of those eight legged freaks by maintaining a neat and clean household, keeping a regular cleaning schedule and reducing clutter.

 

As discussed earlier, the best way to reduce spider populations in your home is by addressing their eliminating their food sources and harborage areas. If you have other inspect problems like roach or ants, spiders will be close by as those insects are the food source of spiders.

 

Spraying a residual insecticide around the perimeter of your home or business is helpful as well as treating all the entry points, weep holes, doorjams and window ledges.

Whenever you encounter a spider web eliminate them immediately and apply an insecticide in those areas as well. Reduce storage items off the floor and keep them away from the walls. Remove harborage areas that are close to the exterior slab such as wood piles or stored items.

By making your house and structures as uninviting as possible, spiders will no longer target your home and seek elsewhere for their food. Good riddance.



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