Abamectin works by interrupting the nervous system of the insects. Abamectin will paralyze suseptible pests causing them to stop feeding and eventually die. Abamectin is a slower acting pesticide which allows for ants and other insects to travel back to the nest and spread the pesticide to the colony.
Abamectin Active Ingredient
Abamectin is from the chemical class avermectin which are macrocyclic lactones. It is a common ingredient in many roach baits and ant baits. Avermectins are derived from the soil organism, streptomyces avermitilis. There are four seperate mixtures of avermectin that occur: avermectin A1, avermectin A2, avermectin B1, and avermectin B2. Each mixture has an 80% majority component calle "a" and 20% minority component called "b." For example, Avermectin B1 contains 80% avermectin B1a and 20% avermectin B1b and is the substance called Abamectin.
Insects Controlled by Abamectin
Abamectin is very effective at low use rates against a broad range of agricultural and household pests including but not limited to Acrobat, Argentine, Bigheaded, Carpenter, Crazy, Field, Fire, Harvester, Little Black, Pavement, Pharaoh, Odorous House and Thief Ants, Nemotodes, and Mites.
Common Trade Names
Abamectin is available in many formulations including granular abamectin, gel abamectin, and liquid abamectin. Brand names that contain abamectin include Avert roach gel bait from Whitmire, Advance 375a and Advance Carpenter Ant Bait from BASF, Ascend fire ant bait from Whitmire, Vendetta roach gel from MGK, Optiguard ant gel from Syngenta, and Abathor granular insecticide from Ensystex.
Signs of Toxicity - Humans
Symptoms appear rapidly if the products are inhaled, somewhat slower if ingested, and more delayed following dermal exposure. Symptoms can become apparent within minutes to hours after exposure, depending on the exposure route.
Symptoms include headache, dizziness and confusion.gastrointestinal, neurological, respiratory, or dermal symptoms such as abdominal cramps, tremors, tachycardia, sweating, disorientation, coughing, wheezing, congestion, and pneumonia. Skin irritation and reactions such as swelling, hives, redness, and rashes have also been reported.
Always follow label instructions and take steps to avoid exposure. If any exposures occur, be sure to follow the First Aid instructions on the product label carefully. For medical emergencies or diagnosis and treatment advice, contact the Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222. If you wish to report an incident, please call the National Pesticide Information Center at 1-800-858-7378.